Cjus 530 Midterm Essay

Quiz 1:1.Which of the following styles of leadership is considered by certain authors to be the best to develop the employees of organizaTon and ensure employee saTsfacTon in terms of employee ‘buy in’ ( not authoritarian leadership) DemocraTc 2.Quid pro quo – something for something3.From your readings it would appear that most a±rmaTve acTon cases are ground in the equal protecTon clause of which amendment to the United States consTtuTon. (not 5th) 14th4.Human resources management in foreign states will not be able to mature and evolve in their systems based on the learned history of such developmental changes systems as those that occurred in the US (False)5.In a review of human resource management there are ²ve models in total. ³hey are the tradiTonal model, the strategic model, privaTon/outsourcing model, hybrid model and the ___ model. (not non-tradiTonal) Reform6.In the modern world acTve and reTred criminal jusTce personnel from the US have engaged in full and part Tme leadership roles in developing and/or war torn countries. In the pracTce of human resource management for the criminal jusTce organizaTons which of the following has been the biggest obstacle to long term success in most fragile and/or transiTonal foreign states?

Midterm EssayIntroductionSection 1983 is controversial due to the widespread of personnel it impacts in the criminal justice system, especially police officers (Vaughn & Coomes, 1995). Color of law is a requirement to a Section 1983 liability case. It is required the personnel acted under the color of law during the alleged civil rights violation. Without the color of law factor, a Section 1983 lawsuit would not exist. The reason a plaintiff would file a Section 1983 lawsuit is to seek monetary damages and/or social justice for his/her civil rights being violated by an individual who acted under the color of law. Section 1983 lawsuits are not solely limited to an officer’s liability but municipalities can be held liable as well. Although, it is rare courts find municipalities liable under Section 1983, it is imperative to still insure preventions for municipalities (Cron, Jahanian, Mohamedbhai, & Rathod, 2014).There are two types of personal immunity for governmental officials and employees under Section 1983: absolute immunity and qualified immunity (O’Driscoll, Huntington, Fisher, & Watson, 2015). It is rare for an officer to defend under absolute immunity unless in a qualifying situation, the officer was acting under judicial proceedings (Spencer, 2007). Majority of officers, if applicable, defend under qualified immunity. Prosecutors view qualified immunity by using a two prong test. The test consists of “(1) whether the facts show that the police officer violated a constitutional rights of the plaintiff; (2) whether that constitutional right was clearly established at the time of the alleged violation” (O’Driscoll, et al., 2015, p.3). Knowing the basics of Section 1983 is essential in furthering training, education, and updating policies in departments to prevent police misconduct and civil liability.

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