Steinmo American Exceptionalism Essay

Amenta, E. (1998) Bold Relief: Institutional Politics and the Origins of Modern American Social Policy. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Anderson, L. (2004) The Institutional Basis of Secessionist Politics: Federalism and Secession in the United States. Publius: The Journal of Federalism34(2): 1–18.

Baker, R. A. (1988) The Senate of the United States: A Bicentennial History. Malabar: Robert E. Krieger Publishing.

Berry, C. R., Burden, B. C. and Howell, W. G. (2010) “The President and the Distribution of Federal Spending. American Political Science Review104: 783–799.

Béland, D. and Hacker, J. S. (2004) Ideas, Private Institutions, and American Welfare State “Exceptionalism”: The Case of Health and Old-Age Insurance, 1915–1965. International Journal of Social Welfare13(1): 42–54.

Béland, D. and Lecours, A. (2008) Nationalism and Social Policy: The Politics of Territorial Solidarity. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Béland, D. and Lecours, A. Forthcoming. Accommodation and the Politics of Fiscal Equalization in Multinational States: The Case of Canada. Nations & Nationalism.

Bertelli, A. M. and Grose, C. R. (2009) Secretaries of Pork? A New Theory of Distributive Public Policy. Journal of Politics71(3): 926–945.

Bird, R. M. and Tarasov, A. (2004) Closing the Gap: Fiscal Imbalances and Intergovernmental Transfers in Developed Federations. Environment and Planning C22(1): 77–102.

Boadway, R. and Shah, A. (eds.) (2007) Intergovernmental Fiscal Transfers: Principles and Practices. Washington, DC: The World Bank.

Boadway, R. and Watts, R. L. (2004) Fiscal Federalism in Canada, the USA and Germany. Kingston: Queen’s University (Institute of Intergovernmental Relations).

Brodie, J. (2002) Citizenship and Solidarity: Reflections on the Canadian Way. Citizenship Studies6: 377–394.

Bryden, P. E. (2009) The Obligations of Federalism: Ontario and the Origins of Equalization. In Anastakis D. and Bryden P. E. (eds) Framing Canadian Federalism: Historical Essays in Honour of John T. Saywell. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 75–94.

Buchanan, J. M. (1999 [1967]) The Collected Works of James M. Buchanan, Vol. 4. Public Finance in Democratic Process: Fiscal Institutions and Individual Choice. Indianapolis: Liberty Fund.

Campbell, C. C. and Rae, N. C. (eds.) (2001) The Contentious Senate. New York: Rowman and Littlefield.

Campbell, J. L. (2004) Institutional Change and Globalization. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Coakley, J. (2003) The Territorial Management of Ethnic Conflict. London: Frank Cass.

Commonwealth Grants Commission (CGC) (2012) Report on GST Revenue Sharing Relativities. Canberra: CGC.

Commonwealth Grants Commission (CGC) (2008) The Commonwealth Grants Commission: The Last 25 Years. Canberra: CGC.

Commonwealth Grants Commission (1995) Equality in Diversity. History of the Commonwealth Grants Commission, 2nd ed.Canberra: Australian Government Publishing Services.

Conlan, T. (1998) New Federalism: Intergovernmental Reform from Nixon to Reagan. Washington, DC: The Brookings Institution.

Courchene, T. J. (1984) Equalization Payments: Past, Present and Future. Toronto: Ontario Economic Council.

Craven, G. (1986) Secession: The Ultimate States Right. Melbourne: Melbourne University Press.

Department of Finance Canada (2012) Federal Support to Provinces and Territories. (accessed 31 January 2014).

Deschouwer, K. (2009) The Politics of Belgium: Governing a Divided Society. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

Dommel, P. R. (1974) The Politics of Revenue Sharing. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.

Else-Mitchell, R. (1979) Fiscal Equality Between the States: The New Role of the Common wealth Grants Commission. Australian Journal of Public Administration38(2): 157–167.

Erk, J. (2007) Explaining Federalism: State, Society and Congruence in Austria, Belgium, Canada, Germany, and Switzerland. London: Routledge.

Evans, D. (2004) Greasing the Wheels: Using Pork Barrel Projects to Build Majority Coalitions in Congress. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Fenna, A. (2007) The Malaise of Federalism: Comparative Reflections on Commonwealth-State Relations. The Australian Journal of Public Administration66: 298–306.

Ferejohn, J. A. (1974) Pork Barrel Politics: Rivers and Harbors Legislation. Stanford: Stanford University Press.

Fraser, N. and Gordon, L. (1992) Contract Versus Charity: Why is There no Social Citizenship in the United States?Socialist Review22: 45–68.

Frisch, S. A. (1998) The Politics of Pork: A Study of Congressional Appropriations Earmarks. New York: Routledge.

Galligan, B. (1995) A Federal Republic: Australia’s Constitutional System of Government. Melbourne: Cambridge University Press.

Gilens, M. (2000) Why Americans Hate Welfare: Race, Media, and the Politics of Antipoverty Policy. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Hacker, J. S. (2004) Privatizing Risk Without Privatizing the Welfare State: The Hidden Politics of Social Policy Retrenchment in the United States. American Political Science Review98(2): 243–260.

Hall, P. A. and Taylor, R. C. R. (1996) Political Science and the Three New Institutionalisms. Political Studies44(5): 936–957.

Heller, W. W. (1968) A Sympathetic Reappraisal of Revenue Sharing. In Perloff H.S. and Nathan R. P. (eds.) Revenue Sharing and the City. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins Press, 3–38.

Hovey, H. A. (1999) Can the States Afford Devolution? The Fiscal Implications of Shifting Federal Responsibilities to State and Local Governments. New York: Century Foundation Press.

Howard, C. (2006) The Welfare State Nobody Knows: Debunking Myths About U.S. Social Policy. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Howard, C. (1997) The Hidden Welfare State: Tax Expenditures and Social Policy in the United States. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Hueglin, T. O. and Fenna, A. (2006) Comparative Federalism. Peterborough: Broadview Press.

Immergut, E. L. (1992) Health Politics: Interest and Institutions in Western Europe. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Kenyon, D. A. and Kincaid, John (1996) Fiscal Federalism in the United States: The Reluctance to Equalize Jurisdiction. In Pommerehne W. W. and Ress G. (eds.) Finanzverfassung im Spannungsfeld zwischen Zentralstaat und Gliedstaaten. Baden-Baden: NOMOS, 34–56.

Lazarus, J., Glas, J. and Barbieri, K. T. (2012) Earmarks and Elections in the U.S. House of Representatives. Congress and the Presidency39(3): 254–269.

Lecours, A. (ed.) (2005) New Institutionalism: Theory and Analysis. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.

Lecours, A. and Béland, D. (2010) Federalism and Fiscal Policy: The Politics of Equalization in Canada. Publius: The Journal of Federalism40(4): 569–596.

Lecours, A. and McEwen, N. (2008) Voice or Recognition? Comparing Strategies for Accommodating Territorial Minorities in Multinational States. Journal of Commonwealth & Comparative Politics46(2): 220–243.

Lee, F. E. and Oppenheimer, B. (1999) Sizing Up the Senate: The Unequal Consequences of Equal Representation. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Lieberman, R. C. (1998) Shifting the Color Line: Race and the American Welfare State. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

Lipset, S. M. (1990) Continental Divide: TheValues and Institutions of the United States and Canada. New York: Routledge.

Lipset, S. M. and Marks, G. (2000) It Didn't Happen Here: Why Socialism Failed in the United States. New York: Norton & Co.

Lowi, T. J. (1984) Why is There no Socialism in the United States? A Federal Analysis. International Political Science Review5(4): 369–380.

Lubove, R. (1968) The Struggle for Social Security, 1900–1935. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Macintyre, S. (2009) A Concise History of Australia, 3rd ed. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Mackay, R. (1963) The Unreformed Senate. Toronto: McClleland and Stewart.

MacNevin, A. S. (2004) Canadian Federal-Provincial Equalization Regime: An Assessment. Toronto: Canada Tax Foundation.

Mahoney, J. and Goertz, G. (2004) The Possibility Principle: Choosing Negative Cases in Comparative Research Source. The American Political Science Review98(4): 653–669.

Marchildon, G. P. (2005) Understanding Equalization: Is it Possible?Canadian Public Administration48(3): 420–428.

Marshall, T. H. (ed.) (1964 [1950]) Citizenship and Social Class. In Class, Citizenship and Development. Garden City: Doubleday, 65–122.

Martin, I. W., Mehrotra, A. K. and Prasad, M. (2009) The New Fiscal Sociology: Taxation in Comparative and Historical Perspective. New York: Cambridge University Press.

May, R. J. (1971) Financing Small States in Australian Federalism. Melbourne: OUP.

Mayhew, D. R. (1974) Congress: The Electoral Connection. New Haven: Yale University Press.

McGarry, J. and O’Leary, B. (2007) Federation as a Method of Ethnic Conflict Regulation. In Burgess M. and Pindeer J. (eds.) Multinational Federations. London: Routledge, 180–211.

Milne, D. (1998) Equalization and the Politics of Restraint. In Boadway R. W. and Hobson P. A. R. (ed.) Equalization: Its Contribution to Canada’s Fiscal and Economic Progress. Kingston: John Deutsch Institute for the Study of Economic Policy, 175–203.

Morris, A. (2002) The Commonwealth Grants Commission and Horizontal Fiscal Equalization. The Australian Economic Review35(3): 318–324.

Myles, J. (1997) Neither Rights Nor Contracts: The New Means-Testing in the U.S. Aging Policy. In Hudson R. B. (ed.) The Future of Age-Based Public Policy. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 46–55.

Nahan, M. (2005) The Death of Federalism?Melbourne: Institute of Public Affairs.

Nordyke, S. (2008) Who Gets What and Why: An Analysis of State Level Funding in the Department of Homeland Security. PhD Dissertation in Public Policy, Indiana University, Indiana.

Obinger, H., Leibfried, S. and Castles, F. G. (eds.) (2005) Federalism and the Welfare State: New World and European Experiences. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Orren, K. and Skowronek, S. (2004) The Search for American Political Development. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Padamsee, T. (2009) Culture in Connection: Re-Contextualizing Ideational Processes in the Analysis of Policy Development. Social Politics16(4): 413–445.

Parsons, C. (2007) How to Map Arguments in Political Science. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Pierson, P. (2000) Increasing Returns, Path Dependence, and the Study of Politics. American Political Science Review94(2): 251–267.

Pierson, P. (2004) Politics in Time: History, Institutions, and Social Analysis. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Przeworski, A. and Teune, H. (1970) The Logic of Comparative Social Inquiry. New York: Wiley-Inter-Science.

Quadagno, J. (2005) One Nation Uninsured: Why The U.S. Has No National Health Insurance. New York: Oxford University Press.

Quadagno, J. (1994) The Color of Welfare: How Racism Undermined the War on Poverty. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Quadagno, J. (1988) The Transformation of Old Age Security: Class and Politics in the American Welfare State. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Reagan, M. D. and Sanzone, J. G. (1981) The New Federalism, 2nd ed.New York: Oxford University Press.

Rice, J. J. and Prince, M. J. (2000) Changing Politics of Canadian Social Policy. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.

Rocca, M. S. and Gordon, S. B. (2013) Earmarks as a Means and an End: The Link Between Earmarks and Campaign Contributions in the U.S. House of Representatives. Journal of Politics75(1): 241–253.

Shaver, S. (2002) Australian Welfare Reform: From Citizenship to Supervision. Social Policy & Administration36(4): 331–345.

Skocpol, T. (1992) Protecting Soldiers and Mothers: The Political Origins of Social Policy in the United States. Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press.

Smiley, D. V. (1987) The Federal Condition in Canada. Toronto: McGraw-Hill.

Smith, J. (2009) The Democratic Dilemma: Reforming the Canadian Senate. Montreal and Kingston: McGill-Queen’s University Press.

Sombart, W. (1976 [1906]) Why is There no Socialism in the United States?New York: M.E. Sharpe.

Soss, J., Fording, R. C. and Schram, S. F. (2011) Disciplining the Poor: Neoliberal Paternalism and the Persistent Power of Race. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Stark, K. J. (2009) Rich States, Poor States: Assessing the Design and Effect of a U.S. Fiscal Equalization Regime. Tax Law Review63: 957–1008.

Steensland, B. (2008) The Failed Welfare Revolution: America’s Struggle Over Guaranteed Income Policy. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Stein, R. M. and Bickers, K. N. (1997) Perpetuating the Pork Barrel: Policy Subsystems and American Democracy. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Steinmo, S., Thelen, K. and Longstreth, F. (1992) Structuring Politics: Historical Institutionalism in Comparative Analysis. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Stepan, A. C. (ed.) (2001) Toward a New Comparative Analysis of Democracy and Federalism: “Demos Constraining” and “Demos Enabling” Federations. In Arguing Comparative Politics. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 315–361.

Swenden, W. (2004) Federalism and Second Chambers: Regional Representation in Parliamentary Federations: The Australian Senate and German Bundesrat Compared. Brussels: Peter Lang.

Théret, B. (1999) Regionalism and Federalism: A Comparative Analysis of the Regulation of Economic Tensions Between Regions by Canadian and American Federal Intergovernmental Transfer Programmes. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research23(3): 479–512.

Wallace, J. J. (2003) Ideology vs. Reality: The Myth of Equal Opportunity in a Color Blind Society. Akron Law Review36: 693–716.

Wallin, B. A. (1998) From Revenue Sharing to Deficit Sharing: General Revenue Sharing and Cities. Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press.

Watts, R. L. (2008) Comparing Federal Systems, 3rd ed. Kingston: Institute of Intergovernmental Relations.

Watts, R. L. (1999) Equalization in Commonwealth Federations. Regional and Federal Studies13: 111–129.

Weaver, R. K. (1986) The Politics of Blame Avoidance. Journal of Public Policy6(4): 371–398.

Weaver, R. K. and Rockman, B. A. (1993) Do Institutions Matter? Government Capabilities in the United States and Abroad. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution.

Williamson, R. S. (1990) Reagan’s Federalism: His Efforts to Decentralize Government. New York: University Press of America.

In this paper, I address the problem of the usefulness of the notion of American exceptionalism by examining the views of a number of classical theorists concerning the peculiarities of American history, emphasizing particularly its religious background. Ultimately, I follow Aristide Zolberg in arguing that there are as many `exceptionalisms' as there are cases under examination, and that the proper mode of studying these questions is unavoidably comparative and historical. Comparative historical analysis is the only means of determining what is typical and what is distinctive (not `deviant,' the invocation of which concept would inappropriately imply some sort of `norm'). Here, however, I will in the main compare only implicitly, highlighting particular features of American historical development while suggesting how these differ from other relevant cases, in an effort to make sense of how the United States can be at once a leading defender of human rights and a leading violator of such rights, as well as a vision of a prosperous future for many that at the same time is marked by striking and increasingly large inequalities of wealth and income.

0 thoughts on “Steinmo American Exceptionalism Essay

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *